Canada is a nation extended between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, Canada is none other than the second largest country in the world after Russia. Some Canadian cliches are not unfounded: lakes, forests, mountains and snowy landscapes are very real. The encounter with bears, whales, and beavers too. Your stay in Canadawill be filled with emotions and memories. Everyone will be won over by its assets: nature lovers will be spoiled for choice in the face of its immensity; in winter, the trails are covered by sled dogs, snowmobiles or snowshoes. There is no shortage of ski resorts. In summer, it’s time for hiking or mountain biking, rafting, kayaking, but also and of course fishing. And fans of big cities will recognize the very American style of Canadian metropolises. Large natural spaces therefore contrast with skyscrapers. Here, two official languages are spoken: mostly English, and French in the Quebec region.
What to visit in Canada?
Once is not custom, we begin our discovery of Canada by the most American city: Toronto. It is, according to Unesco, the most cosmopolitan city in the world as there are foreign communities (half of the inhabitants), like its districts Little Italy, Little India, Chinatown, Greek town, Koreatown, Little Poland, Portugal Village, Corso Italia, which constitute as many discoveries in the heart of the queen city . From the top of the CN Tower 530m you will have a breathtaking view of the city and the bay of Lake Ontario. The latter provides some islands and shores suitable for walks and picnics. Moreover, although the city is an anthology of buildings, you will find no less than 1,500 parks. You don’t get bored with culture either, since theaters, museums (including the exceptional Royal Ontario Museum ), but also bars and restaurants are very easy to find.
Just 1.5 hours drive away, you can admire Niagara Falls, which shares the border with the United States. On the Canadian side, the horseshoe-shaped waterfall is 54m high. The spectacular effect of this natural wonder makes you forget the rest (crowds and too touristy village).
The capital of Canada is located exactly on the border with Quebec (and with the Francophonie). It is for this reason that Queen Victoria chooses to install the government there. As you will have understood, Ottawa is a city built from zero that welcomes Parliament . You will appreciate the many official buildings, as well as museums such as that of Civilizations . It is a city of water located at the confluence of several rivers. The city is pleasant in all seasons but is getting a little boring.
The most populous Canadian province is located further in the center of the country between the Great Lakes region and Hudson Bay . Thrill seekers but also nature lovers will spend most of their time in Ontario. Indeed, there are ideal spots here for practicing activities in a natural environment. Starting with the rivers: Makawaska (North of Toronto) and Outaouais (East of Ottawa) are renowned for their flowing waters. In the vicinity of Lake Superior , the strange and astonishing Ouimet Canyon has everything of a half pipe and the hikes are sporty. Regarding walking, the Bruce Trail (725km long) and theLake Ontario Waterfront (325km) are the most famous treks around the lakes.
The province is not without national parks: Algonquin Park is dotted with lakes, rivers, and forested. You may encounter bears and other wildlife there. If you really want to see animals, Chapleau-Nemegosenda Provincial Park is home to bears, deer, and wolves, while Point Pelee National Park in the middle of Lake Erie is famous for bird watching. Polar bears are visible (the park has thousands of them) in Polar Bear Provincial Park on the shores of Hudson Bay. All of Ontario is largely forest. Depending on the season, you will see the colors brighten (yellow / red) or fade (green).
Montreal: The second French-speaking city in the world is at first glance only an American-style metropolis with its large buildings in the business district. Yes but no. Montreal is rather a set of neighborhoods that have been nested one after the other. Start with Old Montreal on the banks of Saint-Laurent whose cobbled streets will remind you of those of Paris. Then, you are free to choose your direction: the Plateau Mont-Royal to walk in its quiet streets, the very Europeanized Latin Quarter , the very cultural entertainment district , not to mention underground Montreal and its shopping arcades warm in winter, and finally theVillage for night owls. Montreal is very cultural and cosmopolitan, you will not be disappointed on that side. Ideally located, the Quebec city is three quarters of an hour’s drive from the ski slopes of the Laurentians in the North, and the United States in the South.
The capital of the province of Quebec looks like an old European city that will immerse you in the heart of French-speaking Canada. Quebec (city) is the only fortified city in the north of North America (after Mexico). You will therefore not miss the immense Château Frontenac . The view of the St. Lawrence from the Dufferin terrace is breathtaking. Strolling through the Old Quebec district is very pleasant.
The largest Canadian province has landscapes and activities in store for you every season. Summer and winter, the Laurentians are the region’s main tourist attraction. When the snow makes its appearance, all board sports are practicable, and when it melts, we give way to hiking (and even golf). This region is accessible fairly quickly from the two main cities. The city of Trois-Rivières is located between the two great Quebec cities. To discover the rest of this province, you can travel:
– either from Montreal to go to the Lanaudière region, which is home to trails, fauna, flora, and also Dorwin Falls ; theEastern townships for their lakes, and the Appalachian mountains ;
– or from Quebec to enjoy the surroundings of Lac Saint-Jean and the Saguenay River (winter fishing is a specialty here); and the 80m Montmorency waterfall from its bridges;
Other vacation spots in Quebec, the Gaspé Peninsula overlooks the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Two sites among many others attract attention: the Percé rock , and the Bonaventure reserve . Let us not forget that Quebec is mostly covered in nature. Between Hudson Bay and the St. Lawrence River, you will witness a succession of ecosystems and landscapes such as tundra, sub-arctic forest, and mixed forests, each with a very rich fauna. A little further away, the Magdalen Islands and their red sandstone cliffs are changing the climate and the Canadian landscapes.